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Scientific Reports on GHB

For the thirty years prior to 1990, the scientific papers on GHB were unanimous in reporting numerous beneficial physiological effects and the absence of long-term negative effects. In 1964, Laborit listed “very low toxicity” as one of the “principle elements” of the compound’s pharmacology. In a 1969 report on GHB’s anesthetic uses, Vickers referred to GHB as “a truly nontoxic hypnotic” and repeatedly emphasized its “lack of toxicity.” Vickers cited evidence that GHB demonstrates “no toxic effects on the liver and kidney.” In 1972, Laborit described the body’s metabolism of GHB and stressed “the absence of any need of detoxification by the organism.” As recently as 1989, this scientific consensus on GHB’s benign nature remained unchanged. Gallimberti’s study from that year on its uses in treating alcohol withdrawal in humans notes that “GHB’s action …seems to be without serious side effects.” His almost off-hand reference to the “safety of GHB” shows how well-established this property of the nutrient had become. Then, on November 8th, 1990, the FDA banned the over-the-counter sale of GHB in the United States. In 1991, two scientists from the California Department of Health Services wrote a report on ten “poisonings” associated with GHB. The authors, Chin and Kreutzer, warned of GHB’s “tremendous potential for abuse.” They observed that “all interviewed patients reported a pleasurable sensation or a `high.’ Several of them…continued taking [GHB] because it made them `feel good’.” Apparently, the authors construed feeling good in and of itself as a potential threat to public health. Despite such dire language, the report acknowledged that “there are no documented reports of long-term [detrimental] effects. Nor is there any evidence for physiologic addiction.”

Of the ten “poisonings” reported, four involved “unknown doses,” four featured the “coingestion” of other drugs, (usually alcohol), one involved unmedicated epilepsy, and another a history of grand mal seizures. Since alcohol and other central nervous system (CNS) depressants are not recommended with GHB, and because GHB is contraindicated for epileptics, such cases are not unexpected. Chin and Kreutzer acknowledge that the “more severe reactions…generally occurred when patients took an unmeasured dose, a particularly large dose, or several doses within a short period of time.” Such problems are easily avoided by following the directions for GHB’s use. Although the specific clinical details of these ten cases are too lengthy to go into here, one point needs addressing–the use of the terms “coma” and “seizures” in descriptions of these cases. At a sufficiently high dose, GHB can cause CLONUS, a rapid, rhythmic contraction and relaxation of muscles which would be better described as muscle spasm or uncontrollable twitching than a seizure. GHB can also cause intense drowsiness, abrupt sedation, and deep sleep which is probably better described as unarrousability or deep sedation than coma. Vickers [1969] described it as a “nontoxic coma,” which blunts some of the inflammatory connotations of the term coma. Regardless of their alarmist tone, the authors confirm that “there have not been any reported deaths” and that “if product use is discontinued, full recovery with no long-term side effects is universal.”

They concluded that “the prognosis for people who experience GHB poisoning is quite good.” The degree to which the pleasant state of GHB euphoria may be psychologically addicting may not be fully appreciated. Anybody with known attraction or addiction to tranquilizers or alcohol should pay special heed to this possibility. In the few cases of GHB abuse that we have investigated, there were pre-existing use/abuse patterns with alcohol and/or tranquilizers. Ironically, it was GHB’s lack of toxicity that led to increased frequency of use (numerous times per day) that characterized what can only be called classic cases of psychological addiction. Without the dehydration and CNS irritation of alcohol, or the side effects of tranquilizers, there was no incentive to moderate or curtail GHB use. Fortunately, few people seem to have such overwhelming attraction to the GHB state. Even Chin and Kreutzer minimize GHB’s abuse potential by stating, “No investigator [has] reported any long-term adverse effects, addictive or dependent qualities associated with discontinued usage of the drug.”

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Frequently Asked Questions

Packaging and Shipping (3)

We have compiled statistics and published a list of countries we have made successful deliveries to since December 2005. Most people contact us to ask specific questions about various destinations such as 

  • Do you deliver to the UK?
  • Do you deliver to the US?
  • Do you deliver to Canada?
  • Do you deliver to Australia?
  • Do you deliver to Europe?
  • Do you delivery to Mexico?
  • Do you delivery to Italy?

…and the list goes on and on. We advertise our delivery as “worldwide” or “international” because truly that’s what it is but can’t boast that we have made deliveries to all countries on the planet. 

However, we have covered more than 60% of countries in the Americas, Europe and Asia. The process is pretty much the same for every country, although some countries are slightly more challenging to deliver to than others.

However, there is no risk of trying on the client’s part because you are fully protected by our re-ship and refund policies. If delivery to your location fails, we re-ship. If the second attempt fails, you receive a full refund.

Discreet Shipping

Part of this question has already been answered under product packaging. We combine several techniques such as mislabelling and masking of products to make the content of the package virtually undetectable at customs. We have maintained a 100% success rates for both national and international deliveries for almost two years now.

Re-ship and Refunds

However, it is worth noting that not all shipping destinations are the same and we haven’t shipped to every country on the planet yet. In the unlikely event that a package is seized by customs, we re-ship the product without charging any additional shipping fee. If the second attempt fails, then the customer gets a 100% refund for the cost of the products as per our reship and refund terms and conditions.

Discreet Packaging

Several clients ask this question but we never give a very direct response and that’s understandable. For security and privacy reasons there are questions we can’t answer because one never knows who’s asking. The reason why most prospective clients ask this question is because they want to know whether we labelle the package with the real names of the products and whether the contents of the package is easily detectable.

Masked and Undetectable Contents

In line with our efforts to protect your privacy and security and ensure that you have a 100% chance of your package passing through customs, we do everything possible to package your products in a discreet manner and ensure that the content of the package is masked and not detectable. Explaining specifics will jeopardise our operations. Be confident that your privacy and security is our concern.

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